Southwest United Galnik SA de CV was legally formed in 2009 as a joint venture between Southwest United Industries, Inc. and Galnik, SA de CV to bring Nadcap accredited aerospace metal processing to Querétaro and Central Mexico. Galnik was established in 1988 and enjoyed sustained growth and is a recognized leader in the Bajio de Mexico area as a certified supplier of processing services for the automotive, electronic, and commercial industries.
Now known as Southwest United de Mexico SA de CV (SWU Mexico), the site constitutes a significant capital investment and provides other aerospace manufacturers the critical processing infrastructure necessary to expand the Querétaro and Mexican manufacturing industry.
Southwest United Industries was acquired by Precision Castparts Corp. in December, 2012.
PCC Aerostructures Mexico SA de CV operates from a 25,000 sq ft facility in a conveniently located modern building in Querétaro. We relied on our vast experience when configuring the building and equipment making us a world class provider of metal processing services.
We are your low-cost solution for surface enhancing and Nadcap-approved finishing in Central Mexico.
Sulfuric Acid Anodize
The sulfuric acid process is by far the most widely used process. It produces films of greater thickness (0.1 to 1.0 mil) and is particularly suited for applications where hardness and some resistance to abrasion is required. However, where parts are subjected to considerable stress, such as aircraft parts, the possible presence of the corrosive acid residue is undesirable. The overall thickness of the coating formed is 67 percent penetration in the substrate and 33 precent growth over the original dimension of the part.
The porous nature of sulfuric acid films prior to sealing is used to particular advantage in the production of colored surface finishes on aluminum and its alloys. The porous aluminum oxide absorbs dyes well, and subsequent sealing helps to prevent color loss in service. Although dyed anodized films are reasonably color-fast, they have a tendancy to bleach under prolonged direct sunlight.
Chromic Acid Anodize
Chromic acid coatings are frequently preferred if there is a possibility of solution entrapment in joints, recesses, and weldments because the chromic acid leaves no corrosive residue. The chromic acid is inhibitive to aluminum and, thus, is especially good for coating aluminum castings.
Chromic acid-produced films are dense, very thin (0.02 to 0.05 mil), light grey in color, and have excellent corrosion resistance. The overall thickness of the coating formed is 50 percent penetration in the substrate and 50 precent growth over the original dimension of the part. Chromic acid films are typically harder than sulfuric acid films of the same thickness.
Chem Film or Chromate Conversion is a chemical treatment process for aluminum used to provide corrosion protection and surface preparation for paint and adhesives. It is an economical alternative to anodizing when abrasion resistance is not required.
All chromate conversion coatings use chromic acid in the form of its soluble salts. During the process, a thin, gel-like film is produced on the aluminum surface. Chromate is an excellent treatment method for paint or adhesives since it greatly enhances the product's ability to form a bond with the aluminum. It is frequently used on electrical and electronic equipment because it provides increased corrosion resistance while remaining electrically conductive. It is also often used on military weapons systems such as tanks, tubing, and component structures where paint finishes are required for the interior surfaces but not the exterior surfaces.
The oxide films produced by this process vary in color from clear to iridescent yellow or brown depending on the aluminum alloy being treated, surface conditions, and the type of chromate.
Non-destructive testing (NDT) includes inspection methods which are usually used to search for the presence of defects in components. The types of defects detectable include cracks, porosity, voids, burns, and inclusions. NDT is used by our customers to ensure product integrity and reliability, prevent failure and accidents, ensure customer satisfaction, and maintain a uniform quality level.
The primary method used by PCC Aerostructures Mexico SA de CV is fluorescent penetrant inspection.
FPI is most commonly used in the inspection of critical machined parts such as aerospace parts. Florescent penetrant inspection consists of applying a fluorescent dye penetrant to the parts to be inspected. The coating has the property to penetrate any emerging crack and after applying an exposure to ultraviolet light the defects or suspect areas will appear as fluorescent light to the trained inspectors’ eyes.
At Southwest the parts are run through a semi-automatic preparation process. The parts are washed and then dried by a drying oven, then immersed in a bath of dye, the dye is then given time to "dwell" so that emerging cracks of corrosion or defective manufacture will contain the penetrating dye which will then show as fluorescent light once exposed to an ultraviolet light source. The parts are examined by one of several level II or level III certified NDT technicians. Southwest’s technicians have many years of experience in examining aviation parts and are able to perform the examination in a thorough and efficient manner.
Southwest United de Mexico SA de CV offers complete painting and other metal finishing services to offer our customers full finishing capability. Painting or organic finishing is often used to provide improved corrosion resistance.
Painted finishes can be specified for a number of purposes. The decision to plate or paint for a specific application will often depend on the following considerations:
Plating, thermal spray and painting complement each other in providing the best choices of finishes.
Southwest United de Mexico SA de CV is familiar with the best coating systems for improving corrosion resistance on steel, reducing oxidation on aluminum, and other benefits from painting. Contact us to learn how painting can be part of your metal finishing solution.
Southwest United de Mexico SA de CV offers metal finishes including cleaning and passivation.
Southwest United de Mexico SA de CV has successfully completed the rigorous AS9100 Rev C quality management system certification process. The AS9100 quality standard is based on ISO 9001, adding requirements specific to the aviation, space and defense industry, while striving to meet the needs of stakeholders.
Southwest United de Mexico SA de CV's quality control system is built upon a commitment to continuous improvement as well as exceeding our customers' expectations. The AS9100 Rev C certification provides customers confidence in Southwest United de Mexico SA de CV's commitment to quality throughout the organization. The commitment to quality results in a high level of customer satisfaction earned through quality and on-time services provided by Southwest United de Mexico SA de CV.